Творац у телу: приказан Речју моћи

Научник из 20. века, Алберт Ајнштајн, и технолошки предузетник 21. века , Марк Закерберг, оснивач Фејсбука/Мете, пружају увид у два најосновнија закона нашег универзума, помажући нам да боље разумемо шта Библија бележи иу стварању. као увид у личност Исусову. Ово истражујемо тако што прво сумирамо Ајнштајнова и Закербергова достигнућа.

Еинстеин: Масс-Енерги оф 20тх Центури

Познајемо Алберта Ајнштајна (1879-1955), јеврејског Немца, по развоју теорије релативности. Образован у Немачкој и Швајцарској пре Првог светског рата, Ајнштајн се истакао у математици и физици. Радећи у швајцарском заводу за патенте, он је први пут објавио своју Теорију релативности 1905. године која је предвидела чудне физичке појаве.  Едингтон је потврдио Ајнштајнову теорију 1919. када је посматрао светлост која се савија око звезде током помрачења. Ова потврда учинила је Ајнштајна светски познатим и доделила му Нобелову награду 1921.

Једначина која је резултат Ајнштајнове теорије релативности ( Е= мц 2 ) открива да су маса и енергија заменљиве. Маса се може изгубити за огроман добитак енергије. Али иако се енергија масе може заменити, наука није пронашла ниједан природни процес који ствара енергију масе. Први закон термодинамике , (или закон одржања масе-енергије), најпроверенији и најпосмаћенији закон физичке науке, каже да се енергија масе не може створити. Енергија се може трансформисати у различите врсте енергије (кинетичку, топлотну, електричну итд.) или у масу, али нова маса-енергија се не може створити. Енергија се може ширити као таласи, на тај начин енергија сунца стиже до Земље.

Закерберг: Информације у 21. веку

Ајнштајн нам је осветлио Први закон. Закербергов успех са Фејсбуком показује продорност његовог пратећег закона – Другог закона термодинамике. Рођен 1984. године и такође јеврејског порекла, успех Марка Закерберга , као једног од најистакнутијих предузетника милијардера 21. века у области информационих технологија, илуструје основну реалност елемента не-масене енергије: информације. Пошто информација није маса-енергија и не може се физички открити, многи не мисле о информацији као о стварној. Други претпостављају да информације настају једноставно након дугог ланца срећних догађаја . Ово остаје камен темељац дарвинистичког погледа на универзум који се тако снажно промовише у модерној култури.

Овде је изван нашег домета да испитамо претпоставке овог погледа на свет, али једноставно на тренутак размотримо све мултимилијардере попут Марка Закерберга који су се појавили последњих деценија. Постали су милијардери јер су препознали реалност информација и изградили паметне информационе системе које сви сада користимо. Интелигенција узрокује информације, а не срећа. Успех Закерберга и њему сличних створио је потпуно нову индустрију – информационе технологије. Чињеница да је мало ко остварио оно што је урадио требало би да покаже да информације не настају само срећом. 

У ствари, Други закон термодинамике открива да природни свет једноставно препуштен природним енергетским реакцијама губи информације . Али одакле онда све фантастично сложене информације које видимо у природном свету како искориштавају енергију масе (ДНК, протеини, фотосинтеза, АТП синтаза итд.)?

Масовна енергија и информације на почетку

Библијски извештај о стварању даје елегантан одговор. Библија бележи стварање које се догодило тако што је Бог говорио. Говор у суштини укључује информације и енергију коју преносе таласи. Информације које носе таласи могу бити прелепа музика, сет упутстава или било која порука коју неко жели да пошаље. 

Библија бележи да је Бог „проговорио“ и тако преносио информације и енергију која се ширила као таласи. Ово је изазвало сређивање масе и енергије у сложеном универзуму који данас видимо. То се догодило зато што је ‘Дух Божији’ лебдео или вибрирао над масом. Вибрација је и облик енергије и такође чини суштину звука. Прочитајте запис са ове тачке гледишта.

Налог за креирање: Креатор говори

У почетку створи Бог небо и земљу.  Земља је била безоблична и празна, тама је била над површином бездана, а Дух Божји лебдео је над водама.

 И Бог рече : „Нека буде светлост“, и постаде светлост.  Бог је видео да је светлост добра, и одвојио је светлост од таме.  Бог је светлост назвао „дан“, а таму је назвао „ноћ“. И би вече, и би јутро — дан први.

 И рече Бог : „Нека буде свод између вода да одваја воду од воде.  Тако је Бог направио свод и одвојио воду испод свода од воде изнад њега. И било је тако.  Бог је свод назвао „небо“. И би вече, и би јутро — други дан.

 И рече Бог : „Нека се вода под небом сабере на једно место, и нека се појави суво тло. И било је тако. 10  Бог је суво тло назвао „копно“, а сакупљене воде назвао је „морима“. И виде Бог да је добро.

11  Тада је Бог рекао : „Нека земља рађа растиње: биљке које носе семе и дрвеће на земљи које рађају плодове са семеном у себи, по разним врстама. И било је тако. 12  Земља је производила растиње: биљке које су носиле семе према својим врстама и дрвеће које је доносило плод са семеном у себи према својим врстама. И виде Бог да је добро. 13  И би вече, и би јутро — трећи дан.

14  И Бог рече : „Нека буду светла на своду небеском да одвоје дан од ноћи, и нека служе као знаци за обележавање светих времена, дана и година, 15  и нека буду светла у своду небо да осветли земљу“. И било је тако. 16  Бог је створио два велика светила — веће да управља даном и мање да управља ноћу. Направио је и звезде. 17  Бог их је поставио на своду небеском да дају светлост земљи, 18  да управљају даном и ноћу и да одвоје светлост од таме. И виде Бог да је добро. 19  И би вече, и би јутро – дан четврти.

Изак ван Остен , 
ПД-УС-истекао , преко Викимедијине оставе

20  И Бог рече : „Нека вода врви од живих бића, и нека птице лете изнад земље преко свода небеског. 21  Тако је Бог створио велика морска створења и свако живо биће које врви од воде и које се у њој креће, према њиховим врстама, и сваку птицу крилату по врсти. И виде Бог да је добро. 22  Бог их је благословио и рекао: „Плодите се и бројите се и напуните воду у морима, и нека се птице размножавају на земљи. 23  И би вече, и би јутро — пети дан.

24  И Бог је рекао : „Нека земља рађа жива бића према њиховим врстама: стоку, створења која се крећу по земљи, и дивље животиње, свако према својој врсти. И било је тако. 25  Бог је створио дивље животиње према њиховим врстама, стоку према њиховим врстама, и сва створења која се крећу по земљи према њиховим врстама. И виде Бог да је добро.

Постанак 1:1-25

Библија затим приповеда да је Бог створио човечанство на ’лику Божју‘ да бисмо могли да одражавамо Створитеља. Али наша рефлексија остаје ограничена у томе што не можемо да заповедамо природом једноставним обраћањем њој. 

Исус исто тако ‘говори’

Али Исус је то учинио, показујући ауторитет да говори изван онога о поучавању и исцељивању . Он је то урадио да бисмо могли да га разумемо из извештаја о стварању где је Бог говорио информације и енергију да би успоставио универзум. Видимо како јеванђеља бележе ове догађаје

22  Једног дана Исус је рекао својим ученицима: „Пређимо на другу страну језера. Тако су ушли у чамац и кренули. 23  Док су пловили, он је заспао. На језеру се срушила олуја, тако да је чамац био затрпан, а они су били у великој опасности.

24  Ученици су отишли ​​и пробудили га говорећи: Учитељу, Учитељу, удавићемо се!

Он устаде и укори ветар и бесне воде; олуја се стишала, и све је било мирно. 25  „Где је твоја вера?“ питао је своје ученике.

У страху и чуђењу питали су један другог: „Ко је ово? Он заповеда чак и ветровима и води, и они му се покоравају.”

Лука 8:22-25
Исус прекори олују

Реч Исусова је заповедала чак и ветру и таласима! Није ни чудо што су ученици били испуњени страхом. 

… Стварање Масс-Енергије

Другом приликом показао је сличну моћ са хиљадама људи. Овог пута није обуздао ветар и таласе. Контролисао је храну.Другом приликом показао је сличну моћ са хиљадама људи. Овог пута није заповедао ветар и таласе – већ храну.

Неко време после тога, Исус је прешао на далеку обалу Галилејског мора (то јест Тиберијадског мора),  а за њим је кренуло велико мноштво људи јер су видели знаке које је чинио исцељујући болесне.  Тада се Исус попео на брдо и сео са својим ученицима.  Јеврејска Пасха је била близу.

 Када је Исус подигао поглед и угледао велику гомилу која му иде према њему, рекао је Филипу: „Где да купимо хлеб да ови људи једу?“  То је тражио само да би га тестирао, јер је већ имао на уму шта ће да уради.

 Филип му је одговорио: „Требало би више од пола године плате да се купи толико хлеба да свако поједе залогај!

 Други његов ученик, Андреј, брат Симона Петра, проговори:  „Ево дечака са пет малих јечмених хлебова и две мале рибе, али докле ће они отићи међу толиким бројем?“

10  Исус је рекао: „Нека народ седне. На том месту је било доста траве и они су сели (ту је било око пет хиљада људи). 11  Исус је затим узео хлебове, захвалио и поделио онима који су седели колико су желели. Исто је урадио и са рибом.

12  Када су се сви најели, рекао је својим ученицима: „Покупите комаде који су остали. Нека ништа не буде узалудно.” 13  Тако су их сакупили и напунили дванаест корпи комадима од пет јечмених хлебова које су остали од оних који су јели.

14  Након што су људи видели знак који је Исус учинио, почели су да говоре: „Ово је заиста пророк који ће доћи на свет. 15  Исус, знајући да намеравају да дођу и силом га поставе царем, поново се сам повукао на гору.

Јован 6: 1-15

Шта је то значило?

Стварајући масу из ничега, Исус показује исту заповест над масом-енергијом као што је Бог учинио приликом стварања. Када су људи видели да Исус може да умножи храну једноставним говором, знали су да је јединствен. Али шта је то значило? Исус је касније објаснио снагу својих речи

Дух даје живот; месо ништа не вреди. Речи које сам вам рекао — пуне су Духа и живота.

Јован 6:63

И

Као што ме је послао живи Отац и ја живим због Оца, тако ће и онај који ме храни живети због мене.

Јован 6:57

Исус је тврдио да у телу утеловљује троструког Створитеља (Отац, Реч, Дух) који је проговорио о постојању космоса. Он је био Створитељ жив у људском облику. Он је то показао говорећи о својој моћи над ветром, таласима и материјом.

Узимајући у обзир наш ум…

Људи данас често схватају извештај о стварању Библије као једноставно древну митологију једноставних људи. Али овај приказ је савршено у складу са нашим најновијим схватањем како се информације и енергија шире као таласи. Елегантан приказ остаје једноставан када се понавља ‘Бог је рекао…’ тако да су га једноставни ненаучни људи разумели. Али за нас такође има право значење у светлу масовно-енергетског и информационог разумевања 21. века .

Јевреји су довели до напретка човечанства да разуме и примени основне елементе који чине стварност (маса-енергија и информације), што су пример Ајнштајна и Закерберга.

Неки се плаше овог јеврејског вођства и тако шире антисемитски страх од Јевреја. Али пошто је овај напредак благословио и обогатио све људе, боље објашњење за јеврејско вођство долази из обећања благослова Авраму.

Јеванђеља представљају Исуса као архетип јеврејског народа (закључак овога долази овде ). Као такав, он је такође усмерио свој фокус на масовну енергију и информације. Тиме је доказао своју тврдњу да је исти агент који је првобитно ‘проговорио’ да наш свет постоји. Касније ћемо видети како он необично одражава догађаје у Недељи стварања оним што ради током своје Страсне недеље.

… и срца

Исусови ученици су то тешко разумели. Јеванђеље бележи да одмах након храњења 5000:

Исус је одмах натерао своје ученике да уђу у чамац и крену испред њега у Витсаиду, а он је отпустио народ. 46  Пошто их је напустио, попео се на обронак планине да се помоли.

Исус хода по води

Дистант Схорес Медиа/Свеет Публисхинг ,  ЦЦ БИ-СА 3.0 , преко Викимедиа Цоммонс

47  Касније те ноћи, чамац је био усред језера, а он је био сам на копну. 48  Видео је ученике како се напрежу на весла, јер је ветар био против њих. Мало пре зоре изашао је до њих, шетајући језером. Хтео је да прође поред њих, 49  али када су га видели како хода по језеру, помислили су да је дух. Завапили су, 50  јер су га сви видели и уплашили се.

Он им се одмах обрати и рече: „Храбрите се! То сам ја. Не бој се.” 51  Затим се са њима попео у чамац и ветар је утихнуо. Били су потпуно задивљени, 52  јер нису разумели за хлебове; срца су им отврднула.

53  Када су прешли, пристали су у Генисарету и тамо се усидрили. 54  Чим су изашли из чамца, људи су препознали Исуса. 55  Трчали су по целом том крају и носили болесне на простиркама где год су чули да је он. 56  И где год је ишао — у села, градове или села — стављали су болесне на пијаце. Молили су га да им допусти да дотакну чак и ивицу његовог огртача, и сви који су је дотакли оздравили су.

Марко 6:45-56

Наша тврда срца

Каже да ученици ‘нису разумели’. Разлог за неразумевање није био тај што нису били интелигентни; није било зато што нису видели шта се догодило; не зато што су били лоши ученици; нити зато што нису веровали у Бога. Каже да су им ‘срца отврднула’ . Наша тврда срца нас такође спречавају да разумемо духовну истину.

Ово је основни разлог зашто су се људи у његово време поделили око Исуса. Више од интелектуалног разумевања јесте потреба да уклонимо тврдоглавост из наших срца.

Због тога је Јованов рад на припреми био од виталног значаја. Позвао је људе да се покају тако што признају свој грех уместо да га крију. Ако су Исусови ученици имали тврда срца којима је било потребно покајање и признање греха, колико више ти и ја?

Па ста да радим?

Исповест за омекшавање срца и стицање разумевања

Нашао сам да је од помоћи молитва ове исповести у псалмима. Можда ће медитирање или рецитовање овога деловати и у вашем срцу.

Помилуј ме, Боже,
    по непресушној љубави својој;
по великом милосрђу своме
    избриши преступе моје.
 Опери све моје безакоње
    и очисти ме од греха мог.

 Јер ја знам своје преступе,
    и грех мој је увек преда мном.
 Теби самоме сагреших
    и учиних што је зло у очима твојим;
тако да си у праву у својој пресуди
    и оправдан када судиш…

Срце чисто створи у мени, Боже,
    и обнови у мени дух непоколебљив.
11  Не одбаци ме од свог присуства
    нити узми од мене свог Светог Духа.
12  Врати ми радост свог спасења
    и дај ми вољни дух да ме подржи.

Псалам 51: 1-4, 10-12

Ово покајање нам је потребно да бисмо разумели шта значи да, као Жива Реч, Исус открива Бога у телу.

Такође је дошао да инаугурише ‘Краљевство Божије’, по дефиницији политичка вежба. Ово је још једна област у којој су Јевреји предњачили, што је пример Карла Маркса. Користимо га као сочиво да посматрамо ‘Краљевство Божије’ у поређењу са Краљевствима људи – следеће .

Jesus Heals: by Powerful Word

Bernard Kouchner
Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung from Berlin, DeutschlandCC BY-SA 2.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Influential French doctor-politician Bernard Kouchner founded the medical relief agency Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors without Borders) as a result of his time in Biafra region of Nigeria during the bloody Biafra war working to heal and save the wounded.  MSF has become a global medical relief agency noted for its neutrality. MSF will try to treat and save any side in a conflict zone or natural disaster regardless of race or religion. 

MSF logo
JislinnCC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

After the founding of MSF, Kouchner went on to become the health minister of France, three separate times, for both left and right-wing French governments.  The UN appointed Kouchner as their UN envoy to Kosovo to establish functioning government structures to heal Kosovo after the brutal 1998-99 Kosovo War in the former Yugoslavia.  The Jerusalem Post ranked Kouchner as the 15th most influential Jew worldwide because of his contributions to the healing of people and nations.

Sickness and Healing from ancient Jewish traditions

Healing from sickness has long been an important theme for the Jewish people.  Consider these words penned by Jeremiah in the Bible over 2500 year ago.

12 “This is what the Lord says:

“‘Your wound is incurable,
    your injury beyond healing.
13 There is no one to plead your cause,
    no remedy for your sore,
    no healing for you.
14 All your allies have forgotten you;
    they care nothing for you.
I have struck you as an enemy would
    and punished you as would the cruel,
because your guilt is so great
    and your sins so many…
17 But I will restore you to health
    and heal your wounds,’
declares the Lord,
‘because you are called an outcast,
    Zion for whom no one cares.’

Jeremiah 30:12-14, 17
Historical Timeline with Isaiah, Jeremiah & Jesus

Jeremiah, in God’s name, wrote that the Israelite nation needed a national healing. But since Israel refused to undergo this healing in Jeremiah’s day her destiny pointed to national pain and misery.  However, Jeremiah lit a vision for a future national healing. He reiterated this again a few chapters later

Nevertheless, I will bring health and healing to it; I will heal my people and will let them enjoy abundant peace and security.

Jeremiah 33: 6

Jesus the Healer

Five hundred years after Jeremiah penned those words, Jesus appeared.  Of his many exceptional characteristics, prominent among them was his ability and willingness to heal people.  Like Bernard Kouchner and MSF, Jesus dispensed this healing voluntarily to people regardless of race, gender, politics or conflict.  In contrast to Kouchner and other healers of today, Jesus’ primary means of healing was by speaking. We look at some prime examples recorded in the Gospels, and then reach back into the Old Testament to look their significance.

Previously we saw that Jesus taught with great authority, using authority that only the Christ could have.  Right after finishing teaching this Sermon on the Mount the Gospel records that:

When Jesus came down from the mountainside, large crowds followed him. A man with leprosy came and knelt before him and said, “Lord, if you are willing, you can make me clean.”

Jesus reached out his hand and touched the man. “I am willing,” he said. “Be clean!” Immediately he was cleansed of his leprosy. Then Jesus said to him, “See that you don’t tell anyone. But go, show yourself to the priest and offer the gift Moses commanded, as a testimony to them.”

Matthew 8:1-4

 Jesus Heals by Authoritative Word

Jesus now shows his authority by healing a man with leprosy.  He simply said ‘Be clean’ and the man was both cleansed and healed.  Jesus’ words had authority to heal as well as teach.

Then Jesus had an encounter with an ‘enemy’.  Romans were the hated occupiers of Jewish land at that time.  Jews viewed the Romans then similarly to how some Palestinians feel towards the Israelis today.  The most hated (by the Jews) were the Roman soldiers who often abused their power.  Worse still were the Roman officers – the ‘centurions’ who commanded these soldiers.  Jesus now encounters such an ‘enemy’.  Here is how they met:

Jesus Heals a Centurion

When Jesus had entered Capernaum, a centurion came to him, asking for help. “Lord,” he said, “my servant lies at home paralyzed, suffering terribly.”

Jesus said to him, “Shall I come and heal him?”

The centurion replied, “Lord, I do not deserve to have you come under my roof. But just say the word, and my servant will be healed. For I myself am a man under authority, with soldiers under me. I tell this one, ‘Go,’ and he goes; and that one, ‘Come,’ and he comes. I say to my servant, ‘Do this,’ and he does it.”

10 When Jesus heard this, he was amazed and said to those following him, “Truly I tell you, I have not found anyone in Israel with such great faith. 11 I say to you that many will come from the east and the west, and will take their places at the feast with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven. 12 But the subjects of the kingdom will be thrown outside, into the darkness, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.”

13 Then Jesus said to the centurion, “Go! Let it be done just as you believed it would.” And his servant was healed at that moment.

Matthew 8: 5-13

Healing when Faith recognized Authority

The word of Jesus had such authority that he simply said the command and it happened from a distance.  But what amazed Jesus was that only this pagan ‘enemy’ had the faith to recognize the power of his Word – that Christ had authority to Say and it would Be.  The man that we might assume has no faith (coming from the ‘wrong’ people and the ‘wrong’ religion), but from Jesus’ viewpoint, would one day join in a heavenly feast, while those from the ‘correct’ religion and the ‘correct’ people would not.  Jesus warns that neither religion nor heritage grants heaven.

Jesus also healed Jewish leaders.  In fact, one of his most powerful miracles occurred when he raised the dead daughter of a synagogue leader.  The Gospel records it like this:

Jesus raises a synagogue leader’s dead daughter

Now when Jesus returned, a crowd welcomed him, for they were all expecting him. 41 Then a man named Jairus, a synagogue leader, came and fell at Jesus’ feet, pleading with him to come to his house 42 because his only daughter, a girl of about twelve, was dying.

… Interrupted by healing a bleeding woman

As Jesus was on his way, the crowds almost crushed him. 43 And a woman was there who had been subject to bleeding for twelve years, but no one could heal her. 44 She came up behind him and touched the edge of his cloak, and immediately her bleeding stopped.

45 “Who touched me?” Jesus asked.

When they all denied it, Peter said, “Master, the people are crowding and pressing against you.”

46 But Jesus said, “Someone touched me; I know that power has gone out from me.”

47 Then the woman, seeing that she could not go unnoticed, came trembling and fell at his feet. In the presence of all the people, she told why she had touched him and how she had been instantly healed. 48 Then he said to her, “Daughter, your faith has healed you. Go in peace.”

…Back to the dead daughter

49 While Jesus was still speaking, someone came from the house of Jairus, the synagogue leader. “Your daughter is dead,” he said. “Don’t bother the teacher anymore.”

50 Hearing this, Jesus said to Jairus, “Don’t be afraid; just believe, and she will be healed.”

51 When he arrived at the house of Jairus, he did not let anyone go in with him except Peter, John and James, and the child’s father and mother. 52 Meanwhile, all the people were wailing and mourning for her. “Stop wailing,” Jesus said. “She is not dead but asleep.”

53 They laughed at him, knowing that she was dead. 54 But he took her by the hand and said, “My child, get up!” 55 Her spirit returned, and at once she stood up. Then Jesus told them to give her something to eat. 56 Her parents were astonished, but he ordered them not to tell anyone what had happened.

Luke 8: 40-56

Once again, simply by a Word of Command, Jesus raised a young girl from death.  It is not religion or lack of religion, being Jewish or not, that kept Jesus from miraculously healing people.  Wherever he found faith, or trust, regardless of their sex, race or religion he exercised his authority to heal.

Jesus heals Many, including Friends

The Gospel records that Jesus went to the house of Peter, who would later become his chief disciple.  When he got there he saw a need and served.  As recorded:

When Jesus came into Peter’s house, he saw Peter’s mother-in-law lying in bed with a fever. 15 He touched her hand and the fever left her, and she got up and began to wait on him.

16 When evening came, many who were demon-possessed were brought to him, and he drove out the spirits with a word and healed all the sick. 17 This was to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet Isaiah:

“He took up our infirmities
    and bore our diseases.”

Matthew 8:14-17

Jesus had authority over evil spirits which he cast out from people simply ‘with a word’.  Today we more often use the term ‘mental health’, rather than ‘evil spirits’ but goal remains the same – mental and emotional well-being. The Gospel then reminds us that the Prophets had predicted that his lifting of our sicknesses would be a sign of the Christ’s arrival. 

Isaiah Foresees Healings

Isaiah in Timeline with Jesus

The Biblical prophet Isaiah Isaiah had prophesied 750 years before Jesus, but speaking in first person (me, I) on behalf of the coming Christ (=’anointed’) prophesied that:

 The Spirit of the Sovereign Lord is on me,
    because the Lord has anointed me
    to proclaim good news to the poor.
He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted,
    to proclaim freedom for the captives
    and release from darkness for the prisoners
to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor
    and the day of vengeance of our God,
to comfort all who mourn,
    and provide for those who grieve in Zion—
to bestow on them a crown of beauty
    instead of ashes,
the oil of joy
    instead of mourning,
and a garment of praise
    instead of a spirit of despair.
They will be called oaks of righteousness,
    a planting of the Lord
    for the display of his splendor.

Isaiah 61:1-3

Isaiah had predicted that the coming Christ (=anointed) would bring good news’ (=gospel) to the poor and would comfort, free and release people.  Many today do not believe the Gospel accounts of Jesus’ healings.  However, they were not simply pious myths from the imaginations of Matthew and Luke. They stand in line with the much earlier prophetic writings which predicted these healings as an unmistakable sign to identify the Christ. Jesus’ ability to heal responded to the diagnosis given by Jeremiah, fulfilled the prediction of Isaiah, and offers hope for healing to us if we respond in faith to his display of authority. 

Word of God

That he healed so often simply by speaking ‘a Word’ demonstrates the Gospel claim that he was not only the Christ but also

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

John 1:1

Jesus had such authority that he was also called ‘Word of God’. Next we see how Nature itself submitted to his Word.

Like Moses: Teaching with Authority on the Mountain

Guru (गुरु) comes from ‘Gu’ (darkness) and ‘Ru’ (light) in its original Sanskrit.  A Guru teaches to dispel the darkness of ignorance by light of true knowledge.  Speaking from the shores of Galilee, Jesus exemplified this by teaching with such impact that it would be felt even 1900 years later and far away in India through his influence on Mahatma Gandhi.

Gandhi & Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount

Mahatma Gandhi

In England, 1900 years after Jesus’ birth, a young law student from India now known as Mahatma Gandhi (or Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi) was given a Bible.  When he read Jesus’ teachings known as the Sermon on the Mount he recounts

“the Sermon on the Mount which went straight to my heart.”

M. K. Gandhi, An Autobiography OR The Story of My Experiments with Truth. 1927 p.63

Jesus’ teaching about ‘turning the other cheek’ gave insight to Gandhi on the ancient Hindu concept of non-injury and non-killing.  Gandhi later refined this teaching into political force in Satyagraha, his use of non-violent non-cooperation with the British rulers.  Several decades of satyagraha resulted in the independence of India from Great Britain, in a largely peaceful manner.  Jesus’ teaching triggered all this. 

So what was it that Jesus taught?

Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount

After Jesus’ testing by the devil he started to teach.  His longest message recorded in the Gospels is called the Sermon on the Mount. Read the complete sermon while highlights are given here. Then we look back to Moses for deeper insight.

Jesus taught the following:

21 “You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, ‘You shall not murder, and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.’ 22 But I tell you that anyone who is angry with a brother or sister will be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to a brother or sister, ‘Raca,’ is answerable to the court. And anyone who says, ‘You fool!’ will be in danger of the fire of hell.

23 “Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother or sister has something against you, 24 leave your gift there in front of the altar. First go and be reconciled to them; then come and offer your gift.

25 “Settle matters quickly with your adversary who is taking you to court. Do it while you are still together on the way, or your adversary may hand you over to the judge, and the judge may hand you over to the officer, and you may be thrown into prison. 26 Truly I tell you, you will not get out until you have paid the last penny.

Adultery

27 “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery.’ 28 But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart. 29 If your right eye causes you to stumble, gouge it out and throw it away. It is better for you to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to be thrown into hell. 30 And if your right hand causes you to stumble, cut it off and throw it away. It is better for you to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to go into hell.

Divorce

31 “It has been said, ‘Anyone who divorces his wife must give her a certificate of divorce.’ 32 But I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, makes her the victim of adultery, and anyone who marries a divorced woman commits adultery.

Oaths

33 “Again, you have heard that it was said to the people long ago, ‘Do not break your oath, but fulfill to the Lord the vows you have made.’ 34 But I tell you, do not swear an oath at all: either by heaven, for it is God’s throne; 35 or by the earth, for it is his footstool; or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the Great King. 36 And do not swear by your head, for you cannot make even one hair white or black. 37 All you need to say is simply ‘Yes’ or ‘No’; anything beyond this comes from the evil one.

Eye for Eye

38 “You have heard that it was said, ‘Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.’ 39 But I tell you, do not resist an evil person. If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to them the other cheek also. 40 And if anyone wants to sue you and take your shirt, hand over your coat as well. 41 If anyone forces you to go one mile, go with them two miles. 42 Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you.

Love for Enemies

43 “You have heard that it was said, ‘Love your neighbor and hate your enemy.’ 44 But I tell you, love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, 45 that you may be children of your Father in heaven. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous. 46 If you love those who love you, what reward will you get? Are not even the tax collectors doing that? 47 And if you greet only your own people, what are you doing more than others? Do not even pagans do that? 48 Be perfect, therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect.

Matthew5:21-48
Carl Bloch, PD-US-expired, via Wikimedia Commons

Sermon on the Mount reveals Authority

Jesus taught with the form “You have heard that it was said … but I tell you … ”. In this structure he quoted first from Moses, and then extended the scope of the command to inner motives, thoughts and words.  Jesus taught by taking strict commands given through Moses and made them even much more difficult to do!

But what is remarkable is the manner in which he extended the commands of Moses’ Law. He did so based on his own authority. He simply said ‘But I tell you…’ and with that he increased the scope of the command. This authority that he simply assumed was what struck his listeners.

When Jesus had finished saying these things, the crowds were amazed at his teaching, 29 because he taught as one who had authority, and not as their teachers of the law.

Matthew 7:28-29

Jesus taught as one with great authority. Earlier Bible prophets passed messages from God to people, but here it was different. Why could Jesus teach like this? Psalm 2, where the ‘Christ’ was first foreseen as a title, described God speaking to the Christ like this

I will make the nations your inheritance,
    the ends of the earth your possession.

Psalm 2:8

God gave ‘the Christ’ authority over the nations, even to the ends of the earth. So as the Christ, Jesus claimed the authority to teach like he did.

Jesus in relation to Moses and David who respectively wrote of coming Prophet and Christ

The Prophet and the Sermon on the Mount

In fact, long before, Moses had predicted the coming of ‘the Prophet’, who would be unique in how he taught. Moses had written

The LORD Said …”I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their fellow Israelites, and I will put my words in his mouth. He will tell them everything I command him. 19 I myself will call to account anyone who does not listen to my words that the prophet speaks in my name.”

Deuteronomy 18:18-19

In teaching as he did, Jesus exercised his authority as the Christ and fulfilled Moses’ prophecy of the coming Prophet who would teach with the authority of God’s ‘words in his mouth’. He was both The Christ and The Prophet.

Jesus & Moses

In fact, Jesus meant to both draw comparison and contrast to Moses by the whole manner in which he delivered the Sermon on the Mount.  To give this Sermon …

Now when Jesus saw the crowds, he went up on a mountainside and sat down. His disciples came to him,

Matthew 5:1
Gustave Doré, PD-US-expired, via Wikimedia Commons

Why did Jesus go up the mountain?  Notice what Moses had done to receive the Ten Commandments..

The Lord descended to the top of Mount Sinai and called Moses to the top of the mountain. So Moses went up  (Ex 19:20)

Moses ‘went up’ the mountain to receive the Ten Commandments. When Jesus likewise ‘went up’ the mountain he took on the role of Moses.  This makes sense because The Prophet who was to come would be

… a prophet like you (Moses)…

Deuteronomy 18:18

The Prophet had to be like Moses, and since Moses went up the mountain to give his teaching, so did Jesus. 

God’s Plan demonstrated in its Harmony and Unity

This shows a unity in thought and intent that reaches over a thousand years. Only one mind can span such an long time interval – God’s. This exhibits evidence that this is His plan. Plans originating from people conflict with that of other people. Look at the myriad of political and economic plans that contradict one another. But this plan demonstrates a unity and harmony stretching through history – an indicator that the Divine has set it in motion.

Initiating A New Era for Us

Though Jesus and Moses pattern each other in ascending the mountain, those receiving their teachings did not.  Jesus had his disciples come right up the mountain to be close to him when he sat down and taught.  But when Moses received the Ten Commandments…

the Lord said to him, “Go down and warn the people so they do not force their way through to see the Lord and many of them perish. 22 Even the priests, who approach the Lord, must consecrate themselves, or the Lord will break out against them.”

Exodus 19:21-22

The people receiving the Ten Commandments could not go near the mountain on pain of death, but Jesus’ followers could sit right with him on the mountain when he taught. This demonstrated the dawn of a new Era, characterized by proximity to God, rather than distance from Him.  As the New Testament explains

For through him we both have access to the Father by one Spirit. 19 Consequently, you are no longer foreigners and strangers, but fellow citizens with God’s people and also members of his household

Ephesians 2: 18-19

Jesus showed in how his his listeners sat with him that the way was now opening for us to become ‘members of his household’.

But his message also explained what he expected of the ‘members of his household’.

You & me and the Sermon on the Mount

This Sermon might perplex you. How can anyone live these kinds of commands that address our hearts and our motives? What was Jesus Christ’s intent?  We can see the answer from his concluding sentence.

Be perfect, therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect.

Matthew5:48

Notice that this is a command, not a suggestion. He required that we be perfect!

Why?

Because God is perfect and if we are to be members of his household then nothing less than perfect will do. We often think that perhaps simply more good than bad deeds – that will be sufficient. But if that were the case, and God let us join his household, we would destroy the perfection of His House and turn it into the mess that we have in this world. It is our lust, greed, anger that destroys our lives here today. If we join His Household still enslaved to that lust, greed and anger then that Household will quickly become like this world – full of problems made by us.

In fact, much of Jesus’ teaching focused on our inner hearts rather than outward ceremony.  Consider how, elsewhere, he focuses on our inward hearts.

He went on: “What comes out of a person is what defiles them. 21 For it is from within, out of a person’s heart, that evil thoughts come—sexual immorality, theft, murder, 22 adultery, greed, malice, deceit, lewdness, envy, slander, arrogance and folly. 23 All these evils come from inside and defile a person.”

Mark7:20-23

A Perfect Household for us

So perfect inner purity is the required standard for His household.  God will only let the ‘perfect’ into his perfect household. But that raises a huge problem.

How will we get into this Household if we are not perfect?

The utter impossibility of us being perfect enough could cause us to despair.

But that is what he wants! When we despair of ever being good enough, when we stop trusting in our own merits then we become ‘poor in spirit’. And Jesus, in starting this whole Sermon, said:

“Blessed are the poor in spirit,
    for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

Matthew 5:3

The beginning of wisdom for us is not to dismiss these teachings as not applying to us. They do! The standard is to ‘Be perfect’. As we let that standard sink in, and realize that we are not capable of it, then we may be ready to accept the help he wants to give, rather than depending on our own merit.

This is the step his teaching pushes us to take. Next, we see Jesus demonstrate the authority that his teaching had assumed.

Jesus Tempted in the Desert

The Gospels tell us that immediately after his baptism, Jesus…

At once the Spirit sent him out into the wilderness, 13 and he was in the wilderness forty days, being tempted by Satan. He was with the wild animals, and angels attended him.

Mark 1:12-13

We may think it rather strange that Jesus went directly out into the wilderness for testing/tempting.  And why for 40 days?  But this is not random.  Jesus is making an astounding claim in doing this.  To see it we need to know Israelite history 1500 years before Jesus’ time. 

Flashback to Israel’s desert testing

Right after Israel’s baptism in the crossing of the Sea, …

The whole Israelite community set out from Elim and came to the Desert of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after they had come out of Egypt. In the desert the whole community grumbled against Moses and Aaron. The Israelites said to them, “If only we had died by the Lord’s hand in Egypt! There we sat around pots of meat and ate all the food we wanted, but you have brought us out into this desert to starve this entire assembly to death.”

Exodus 16:1-3

Immediately after their baptism they entered the desert to face testing by hunger.  And they ended up staying in the desert for 40 years!

The Lord’s anger burned against Israel and he made them wander in the wilderness forty years, until the whole generation of those who had done evil in his sight was gone.

Numbers 32:13

Jesus re-takes Israel’s tests, passing on behalf of the nation

Jesus re-took this testing of Israel in the desert.  His testing in the desert for 40 days mirrored Israel’s testing for 40 years. In doing this he was symbolically claiming to represent Israel.  Notice how the tempter tested Jesus.

Then Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. After fasting forty days and forty nights, he was hungry. The tempter came to him and said, “If you are the Son of God, tell these stones to become bread.”

Jesus answered, “It is written: ‘Man shall not live on bread alone, but on every word that comes from the mouth of God.’”

Matthew 4:1-4

The tempter first tested Jesus with hunger right after his baptism.  How would he behave while hungry?  This was exactly the same first test Israel went through. 

The second temptation was to test God’s provision.

Then the devil took him to the holy city and had him stand on the highest point of the temple. “If you are the Son of God,” he said, “throw yourself down. For it is written:

“‘He will command his angels concerning you,
    and they will lift you up in their hands,
    so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.’”

(Psalm 91: 11-12)

Jesus answered him, “It is also written: ‘Do not put the Lord your God to the test.’”

Matthew 4:5-7

In their 40 years in the desert, the nation of Israel had put God to the test many times, including: when they tested God to provide water for them at Massah, with desiring meat instead of bread, refusing to entering the land due to fear.  As Israel, Jesus now faced the same temptation, but this Israel passed the test.

Who is the devil referring to?

Notice how the devil quotes Psalm 91 to tempt Jesus.  See the complete passage from which he had quoted only a part (which is underlined).

no harm will overtake you,
    no disaster will come near your tent.
11 For he will command his angels concerning you
    to guard you in all your ways;
12 they will lift you up in their hands,
    so that you will not strike your foot against a stone.

13 You will tread on the lion and the cobra;
    you will trample the great lion and the serpent.

Psalm 91:10-13

Note that this Psalm refers to a ‘you’, which the devil believed referred to the ‘Son of God’. But Psalm 91 does not say ‘Son of God’ so how did the devil deduce ‘Son of God’ from Psalm 91?

The Lion – Back to Jacob

Psalm 91 declared that this ‘you’ would ‘trample’ the ‘great lion’ and ‘the serpent’ (v.13). The ‘lion’ is a reference to the tribe of Judah of the Israelites. Jacob had prophesied at the dawn of the nation that:

“Judah, your brothers will praise you;
    your hand will be on the neck of your enemies;
    your father’s sons will bow down to you.
You are a lion’s cub, Judah;
    you return from the prey, my son.
Like a lion he crouches and lies down,
    like a lioness
—who dares to rouse him?
10 The scepter will not depart from Judah,
    nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,
until he to whom it belongs shall come
    and the obedience of the nations shall be his.

Genesis 49:8-10

Jacob had stated that the tribe of Judah was like a lion from which a ‘he’ would come and that this ‘he’ would rule. Psalm 91 had continued this theme.  By declaring that ‘you’ would trample the ‘lion’, Psalm 91 said he would be the ruler of Judah.

Timeline showing when ‘Lion’ & ‘Serpent’ oracles were spoken

The Serpent – Back to the Garden

Psalm 91, which the devil quoted, also stated that he would ‘trample the serpent’. This is a direct reference to the Promise in the Garden that the ‘offspring of the woman’ would crush the serpent. Let’s review it with a diagram showing the characters and their relationships in this Promise:

So the Lord God said to the serpent…

 I will put enmity
    between you and the woman,
    and between your offspring and hers;
he will crush your head,
    and you will strike his heel.”

Genesis3:15

Discussed in more detail here, God had made this Promise in the Garden, but had not filled in the details.  Now we know that ‘The Woman’ is Mary[i] because she was the only person who had an offspring without a man – she was a virgin.  Therefore her offspring, the promised ‘he’, we now see to be Jesus.  The ancient promise predicted that Jesus (the ‘he’) would crush the serpent.  Psalm 91, which Satan had quoted in tempting Jesus, had reiterated the promise with

“you will trample the great lion and the serpent. (v13)

The devil quoted from Psalm 91 which in turn referred to these two earlier prophecies of a coming ‘he’ that would rule and would also crush the devil.  Thus the tempter knew that the verses he quoted in the Psalms referred to the Son of God (= ruler).  The devil tempted Jesus to fulfill these promises in the wrong way.  These prophecies would be fulfilled, not by Jesus jumping off the temple to draw attention to himself, but by Jesus following the plan revealed by the preceding prophets.

The 3rd Temptation – who to worship?

Again, the devil took him to a very high mountain and showed him all the kingdoms of the world and their splendor. “All this I will give you,” he said, “if you will bow down and worship me.”

10 Jesus said to him, “Away from me, Satan! For it is written: ‘Worship the Lord your God, and serve him only.’”

11 Then the devil left him, and angels came and attended him.

Matthew 4:1-11

While Moses had been up Sinai Mountain for 40 days receiving the Ten Commandments, Israel began worshiping the Golden Calf.  As the Bible recounts

When the people saw that Moses was so long in coming down from the mountain, they gathered around Aaron and said, “Come, make us gods who will go before us. As for this fellow Moses who brought us up out of Egypt, we don’t know what has happened to him.”

Exodus 32:1-2

So they proceeded to make and worship the Golden Calf.  Israel failed even before the test had begun.  In resisting this 3rd temptation Jesus re-visited that test.  And through him Israel now passed the test.

‘Christ’ means ‘anointed’ to rule so Jesus has a right to rule. Satan tempted Jesus with what was rightfully his, but Satan tempted him to take a wrong shortcut to his rule, and he was tempting Jesus to worship him to get it. Jesus resisted Satan’s temptation, by (once again) quoting from Moses.  

Jesus – someone who understands us

This tempting of Jesus is crucial for us. The Bible states about Jesus:

 Because he himself suffered when he was tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted.

Hebrews 2:18

And

 For we do not have a high priest who is unable to empathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are—yet he did not sin. 16 Let us then approach God’s throne of grace with confidence, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help us in our time of need.

Hebrews 4:15-16

We often assume we can get right with God on our own merit.  Or we trust a religious official to be our Mediator before God.  But Jesus is the High Priest who sympathizes and understands us. He helps us in our temptations precisely because he himself had been tempted – yet without sin.  And so we can have confidence before God with Jesus as our High Priest because he underwent the most difficult temptations but he never gave in and sinned. He is someone who understands us and can help us with our own temptations and sins. He is the only one spiritually qualified to be our Priest.  The question is: Will we let him?

Conclusion

We have seen how Jesus’ temptations were, like his birth, childhood flight, and baptism, his claim to be the fulfillment of Israel – how Israel should have developed.  His 40 days in the wilderness also patterned Moses’ 40 days without eating while he received the Ten Commandments.  Jesus patterns with Moses as well as Israel.  We look at this more in depth when Jesus begins his teaching ministry. We conclude our investigation here.


[i] ’The Woman’ is likewise also a reference to Israel. Israel is pictured as a woman betrothed to God (Isaiah 62:5, Ezekiel 16:32, Jeremiah 3:20) and is also pictured thus in Revelation 12.  So there are two equally valid identities to ‘the woman’ of Genesis 3:15